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Acknowledgements:

Introduction | History | Environmental Conditions | Biological Resources |
Socioeconomic Assessment
| Resource Use | Resource Management |
Synthesis Modules
| GIS Data

Executive Summary: Acknowledgements

Funding for the ACE Basin Characterization was provided by The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce, to the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) via a contract with Technology Planning and Management Corporation (TPMC). The South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) and its Divisions of Marine Resources (MRD); Land, Water, and Conservation; and Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries implemented the project in partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Coastal Services Center (CSC) in Charleston, South Carolina and the National Geophysical Data Center in Boulder, Colorado.

These organizations were responsible for project administration, management, and implementation. Those individuals most responsible for the creation of this characterization product are:

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

  • Myra Brouwer
  • Brad Digre
  • George Riekerk
  • Jim Scurry
  • Jeff Trudnak
  • Saundra Upchurch
  • Robert Van Dolah
  • Phil Weinbach
  • Elizabeth Wenner
  • Lynn Zimmerman

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coastal Services Center

  • Eugene Olmi
  • Mary Anne Poole
  • Alicia Sievert
  • Pace Wilber

Completion of this characterization was truly a cooperative effort among many organizations and individuals, and the contributions of all who were involved are gratefully acknowledged. This product would not have been completed without their cooperation and expertise. We have attempted to give credit to all contributors below.


Authors

Note: Author(s) of each chapter are listed at the end of that chapter.

  • C. Abate, College of Charleston
  • D. Allen, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division
  • B. Badr, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • M. Brouwer, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • M. Brown, Southeast Regional Climate Center
  • G. Carbone, University of South Carolina
  • W. Clendenin, SCDNR Geological Survey
  • D. Clonis, Corporation for Enterprise Development
  • N. Cofer-Shabica, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • A. Kirkley, Kirkley and Associates
  • D. Knott, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • B. Martin, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • T. Mathews, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • L. McGilvray, NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal and Resource Management
  • M. McKenzie, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • W. McMillan, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • C. Nietch, University of South Carolina
  • C. Niewendorp, SCDNR Geological Survey
  • G. Olmi, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • D. Park, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • M. Poole, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • W. Rhodes, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division
  • G. Riekerk, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • D. Sanger, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • R. Scharf, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • B. Scholtens, College of Charleston
  • J. Scurry, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • A. Sievert, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • E. Starr, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • P. Sundareshwar, University of South Carolina
  • M. Thompson, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • S. Upchurch, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • R. Van Dolah, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • B. Ward, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • E. Wenner, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • C. Wenner, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • P. Wilber, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • R. Willoughby, SCDNR Geological Survey
  • D. Yow, Southeast Regional Climate Center
  • L. Zimmerman, SCDNR Marine Resources Division

Product Development

  • R. Bailey, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • K. Cohen, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • J. Cowen, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • G. Olmi, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • M. Poole, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • F. Ruopoli, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • A. Sievert, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • J. Trudnak, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • S. Lutz, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • J. Ulmer, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • P. Weinbach, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • P. Wilber, NOAA Coastal Services Center

Project Management and Administration

  • M. Brouwer, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • J. Campbell, Technology, Planning and Management Corporation
  • N. Christopher, Technology, Planning and Management Corporation
  • B. Digre, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • A. Hale-Miglarese, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • A.F. Holland, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • J. Kinneman, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center
  • J. Miglarese, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • G. Olmi, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • B. Parks, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center
  • M. Poole, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • G. Riekerk, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • J. Rosen, Technology, Planning and Management Corporation
  • P. Sandifer, SCDNR
  • R. Scharf, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • J. Scurry, SCDNR Land Water and Conservation Division
  • J. Trudnak, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • R. Van Dolah, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • E. Wenner, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • P. Wilber, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • L. Zimmerman, SCDNR Marine Resources Division

Reviewers

  • D. Allen, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • C. Amer, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • W. Anderson, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • R. Bacon, SC SeaGrant
  • B. Baker, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • C. Barans, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • D. Baumann, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • S. Bennett, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • B. Bouton, Independent Contractor
  • K. Boyle, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • D. Browning, USFWS ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge
  • M. Bunch, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • V. Burrell, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • B. Carmichael, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • T. Chandler, University of South Carolina
  • M. Clark, North Carolina Museum of Natural History
  • W. Clendenin, SCDNR - Geological Survey
  • N. Cofer-Shabica, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • M. Collins, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • W. Conner, Clemson University
  • M. Corley, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • B. Dabson, Corporation for Enterprise Development
  • K. Derting, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • M. Dodd, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • L. Duncan, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • G. Esch, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • J. Fauth, College of Charleston
  • M. Fletcher, University of South Carolina
  • D. Florian, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • D. Florian, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • M. Fulton, NOAA - NOS - Charleston
  • J. Gamboa, Independent Contractor
  • J. W. Gibbons, Savannah River Ecology Lab
  • W. Greene, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • J. Grobowski, Westvaco
  • C. Hackney, University of North Carolina - Wilmington
  • D. Harrigal, SCDNR Donnelly Wildlife Management Area
  • J. Harrison, College of Charleston
  • D. Hernandez, SCDHEC Office of Coastal and Resource Management
  • B. Hockensmith, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • C. Huffines, The Huffines Company
  • L. Hughes, Independent Contractor
  • W. Hughes, US Geological Survey
  • J. Hyland, NOAA
  • C. Judge, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • M. Katuna, College of Charleston
  • P. Keener-Chavis, College of Charleston
  • S. Keith, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • J. Kelly, The Citadel
  • G. Kleppel, University of South Carolina
  • D. Knott, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • P. Laurie, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • A. Lewitus, University of South Carolina
  • W. Marshall, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • B. Martin, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • B. McCord, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • J. McGovern, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • M. McKenzie, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • J. Morris, University of South Carolina
  • T. Murphy, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • S. Murphy, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • G. Olmi, NOAA Coastal Service Center
  • M. Paramore, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • D. Park, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • B. Parks, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center
  • A. Pittman, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • B. Pittman, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • R. Porcher, The Citadel
  • M. Prevost, The Nature Conservancy
  • R. Rauscher, Stratus Consulting
  • W. Rhodes, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • A. Ringwood, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • W. Roumillat, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • A. Saunders, The Charleston Museum
  • D. Shipes, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • S. Skelton, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • S. Snyder, SC Department of Health and Environmental Control
  • T. Strange, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • T. Swayngham, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • C. Tank, Low Country Council of Government
  • M. Thompson, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • T. Turbeville, Savannah River Ecology Lab
  • R. Van Dolah, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • N. Vinson, SC Coastal Conservation League
  • W. Waltz, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • P. Wendt, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • J. Wescott, Lowcountry and Resort Island Tourism Commission
  • D. Whitaker, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • P. Wilber, NOAA Coastal Service Center
  • R. Willoughby, SCDNR Geological Survey

Contributors of Data and Information

  • S. Adair, Ducks Unlimited
  • C. Amer, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • C. Aulbach-Smith, Botanical Service of South Carolina
  • O. Baker, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • C. Barans, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • D. Barthel, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • D. Baumann, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • D. Bearden, NOAA NOS Charleston
  • S. Bennet, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • S. Bennett, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • J. Boylan, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • K. Boyle, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • C. Browdy, SCDNR Waddell Mariculture Center
  • S. Brown, SC Raptor Center
  • M. Brown, Southeast Regional Climate Center
  • M. Bunch, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • M. Cameron, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • J. Cely, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • D. Chestnut, SC Dept. of Health and Environmental Control
  • K. Chung, NOAA NOS Charleston
  • M. Clark, North Carolina Museum of Natural History
  • W. Clendenin, SCDNR Geological Survey
  • M. Collins, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • W. Connor, Clemson University
  • M. Corley, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • L. Delancey, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • K. Derting, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • R. DeVoe, SC Sea Grant Consortium
  • M. Dodd, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • J. Duke, SC Department of Natural Resources
  • W. Dukes, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • L. Duncan, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • M. Edmonds, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • W. Eiser, SCDHEC Office of Coastal and Resource Management
  • D. Elwart SC Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
  • D. Fairy, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • G. Ford SC Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
  • M. Fulton, NOAA NOS Charleston
  • W. Gibbons, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
  • H. Gillam, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • T. Ginn, Colleton County - Soil and Water Conservation District
  • J. Glover, SC Department of Health and Environmental Control
  • H. Golde, Corporation for Enterprise Development
  • D. Gordon, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • W. Greene, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • T. Hahn, Westvaco Corporation
  • J. Hamilton, Ducks Unlimited
  • D. Harrigal, SCDNR Donnelly Wildlife Management Area
  • L. Harris, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • C. Hope, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • S. Hopkins, SCDNR Waddell Mariculture Center
  • M. Hourigan, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • L. Hughes, Marine Resources Division
  • B. Hughes, US Geological Survey
  • C. Judge, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • W. Keith SCDNR, Marine Resources Division
  • D. Knott, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • R. Lacy, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • H. Lane, Bank of South Carolina
  • P. Laurie, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • J. Leader, SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • D. Lee, SC Department of Natural Resources
  • A. Lewitus, University of South Carolina
  • M. Lowery, US Geological Survey
  • S. Lutz, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • W. Mahan, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • T. Marcinko, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • J. McCord, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • M. McKenzie, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • J. Moran, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • J. Morris, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • J. Morris, University of South Carolina
  • S. Murphy, SCDNR Marine Resources Division
  • T. Murphy, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • L. Nance, Natural Resource Conservation Service
  • C. Niewendorp, SCDNR Geological Survey
  • J. Palmer, Clemson University
  • M. Paramore, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • K. Pardiek, US Geological Survey
  • B. Parks, NOAA National Geophysical Data Center
  • B. Peterjohn, US Geological Survey
  • A. Pittman, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • M. Poole, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • W. Post, The Charleston Museum
  • M. Prevost, SC Nature Conservancy
  • B. Richardson, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • W. Roumillat, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • C. Ruth, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • J. Schmid, SC Parks, Recreation, and Tourism
  • J. Schryver, Charleston County Park and Recreation Commission
  • J. Scurry, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • D. Shipes, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • J. Shipman, New Mexico Tech University
  • A. Sievert, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • S. Skelton, SC Dept of Archives and History
  • J. Stewart, Westvaco Corporation
  • A. Stokes, SCDNR Waddell Mariculture Center
  • T. Strange, SCDNR-WFF-McClellanville
  • G. Sullivan, SCDNR - Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • C. Tank, Lowcountry Council of Government
  • M. Taylor, SCDNR Heritage Trust Program
  • M. Thompson, SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute
  • C. Tomason, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • T. Turbeville, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
  • S. Upchurch, SCDNR - Marine Resources Division
  • P. Verity, Skidaway Institute of Oceanography
  • W. Waltz, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • S. Warner, SCDNR - Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • P. Weinbach, SCDNR - Marine Resources Division
  • E. Wenner, SCDNR - Marine Resources Division
  • J. Westerhold, SCDNR Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries
  • D. Whitaker, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • P. Wilber, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • R. Willoughby, SCDNR Geological Survey
  • M. Zierden, The Charleston Museum
  • L. Zimmerman, SCDNR Marine Resources Division

Additional Contributors

  • R. Banks, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • R. Berry, South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC)
  • C. Bickley, Lowcountry Council of Governments
  • P. Brownell, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Habitat
  • D. Browning, USFWS ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge
  • M. Creighton, Colleton County Museum
  • S. Davis, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • E. Duncan, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • R. Dunlap, SCDNR Office of Fisheries Management
  • M. Eng, NOAA Coastal Services Center (Facilitator)
  • D. Florian, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • R. Franklin, Clemson Extension Service
  • C. Griffith, Colleton County
  • J. Hamilton, Ducks Unlimited, Wetlands America Trust
  • D. Hernandez, SCDHEC Office of Coastal and Resource Management
  • T. Hewitt, South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC)
  • B. Hodgins, Union Camp Corporation
  • R. Jess, ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge (NWR)
  • C. Johnston, Ducks Unlimited, Wetlands America Trust
  • T. Kinard, Colleton County Council
  • A. Kirkley, SC Parks Recreation and Tourism
  • J. Koches, The Nature Conservancy (TNC)
  • C. Logan, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • R. E. Marvin, Robert E. Marvin & Assoc.
  • W. McAdams, SC Sea Grant Consortium
  • L. McGilvray, NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal and Resource Management
  • M. McKenzie, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR)
  • D. Merrill, SC Sea Grant Consortium
  • G. Mixon, SCDNR Land, Water, and Conservation Division
  • S. Moore, SCDHEC Office of Coastal and Resource Management
  • D. Morgan, Beaufort County
  • M. Prevost, The Nature Conservancy (TNC)
  • B. Price, Colleton Co. Historical Society
  • B.J. Richardson, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • C. Rigby, SCDHEC Office of Coastal Resource Management
  • R. Scharf, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR)
  • J. Stuart, Westvaco Corp.
  • L. Sutter, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • C. Tank, Low Country Council of Governments
  • J. Wescott, Lowcountry and Resort Island Tourism Commission
  • K. Williams, Ducks Unlimited, Wetlands America Trust

Photographs and Sounds

Photographs

  • D. Anderson, US National Office of Marine Biotoxins and Harmful Algal Blooms
  • American Bear Association
  • Aquatic Systems, Inc.
  • Assateague Naturalist web site
  • D. Baccus
  • Bat Conservation International
  • Bird Identification Infocenter
  • Birmingham Zoo
  • D. Cahlander
  • D. Carr
  • Clemson University Department of Entomology, Cooperative Extension Service
  • D. Cowell
  • Cyber Zoomobile
  • Florida Department of Environmental Protection
  • G. Gothard
  • P. Hargraves, University of Rhode Island
  • G. Histler
  • Human Dolphin Institute
  • D. Kamykowski, Aquatic Botany Lab, North Carolina State University
  • Harmful Algal Page
  • S. Holt
  • ISU Extension
  • M. Klug, Michigan State University
  • W. I. Langstaff, Jr.
  • J. Lenhard, Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University
  • J. Loefer, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • G. McGrane, The Bird Identification Infocenter
  • K. Morgan
  • S. Morgan, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • N. Murdock, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • T. Murphy, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • National Park Service
  • NY Sportfishing and Aquatic Resources Education Program (SAREP)
  • G. Olmi, NOAA Coastal Services Center
  • B. Paty
  • The Raptor Center, University of Minnesota
  • J. Rathert,"Nature's Painted Bird", photography by Jim Rathert, Missouri Conservationist. Copyright June 1997 by the Conservation Commission of the State of Missouri. Reproduced with permission.
  • G. Riekerk, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • D.A. Rintoul
  • B. Samuelson
  • J. R. Sauer, The Bird Identification Infocenter
  • B. Schuster
  • T. Shaffer, US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • P. Slichter
  • C. Smith, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology
  • South Carolina Wildlife Magazine
  • J. Spendelow
  • T. Spofford
  • E. Starr, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • J. Stasz, The Bird Identification Infocenter
  • Texas Parks and Wildlife
  • R. Terry, Dept. of Agronomy and Horticulture, Brigham Young University
  • The Turkey Vulture Society
  • University of Puget Sound
  • R. VanVleck
  • Virginia Cooperative Extension
  • J. Warr
  • P. Weinbach, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • C. Wenner, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • M. Williams, University of Illinois Veterinary Medicine Library

Sounds

  • Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Copyright 1998
  • G. McGrane, The Bird Identification Infocenter
  • J. R. Sauer, The Bird Identification Infocenter
  • J. Stasz, The Bird Identification Infocenter
  • Thayer Birding Software, Copyright 1998
  • C. Wenner, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

References



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